We have seen a law school thought piece that argued any existential risk from artificial general intelligence will be observed first in organized crime where morality has little influence. We quote works we can find.
There has been a lot of research into producing explanations for the outputs of black box models. Rudin thinks this approach is fundamentally flawed. At the root of her argument is the observation that ad-hoc explanations are only really “guessing”. post
Countless beneficial applications are being developed and can be expected over the long term. Less attention has historically been paid to the ways in which artificial intelligence can be used maliciously. This report surveys the landscape of potential security threats. pdf
A review was conducted to identify possible applications of artificial intelligence and related technologies in the perpetration of crime. The collected examples were used to devise an approximate taxonomy of criminal applications. post
When we introduce ethics, the effectiveness function must be modified because the effect of behaving ethically is that it reduces the variety of options that are available, by removing all possibilities that are unethical. Politicians and businessmen who lie and cheat have an advantage over ones that are ethical. Mick Ashby. pdf
I have argued that although artificial general intelligence may be possible it will surely be far more expensive than human intelligence. This means that it will only serve the will of the worlds largest organizations be they nations, corporations or criminal syndicates. All are to be feared but criminals more than others.